The Cost of Raising Backyard Chickens – Will You Save Money?

How much does it cost to raise chickens - featured image

People often wonder if purchasing chickens to raise in the backyard is worth the time and money they will invest.

This is a personal decision, everyone, considering this step will need to make. However, having an idea of how much it costs to raise the chickens will be of help.

Following are some ballpark figures for each expense to help you prepare a solid budget.

Table of Contents

How Much Does It Cost To Raise Chickens?

When planning your budget for chicken keeping, you’ll need to add in several different elements.

  • The chickens
  • A chicken coop
  • Feed
  • Supplies
  • Vet visits
  • Treats & toys

We’ll break each one down in detail, so you can adjust the figures for the size of your planned flock.

The Price of Chickens

The price per chicken will vary with the breed selected. You can expect to pay anywhere from $3 to $30 per chicken, depending on the age and breed of the chicken.

For our example, we will use the Rhode Island Reds, a popular breed for many backyard flocks.

  • Baby chicks cost just a few dollars each, but they require special care when first hatched.
  • Add at least $100 to the budget if you are raising baby chicks.
  • Common expenses include a brooder box for chicks (about $70 on Amazon), a heat lamp and bulb (about $30) to keep them warm.

New chicken owners may prefer to buy starter chickens that are at least 4 weeks old since they require less special care and equipment in their new home. Juvenile chickens can be purchased from local hatcheries as well as online. For example, four week old Rhode Island Reds at the McMurray Hatchery cost about $17 each.

Video: Raising Rhode Island Red Chickens

Here is a great video where you can see the changes from a young chick to a mature hen. It’s amazing how fast your chickens will grow.

Consider both the cost and time it will take to raise your new chickens to an age where they start to produce eggs. The Reds will lay their first eggs at about 18 to 20 weeks.

How Much Will The Chicken Coop Cost?

Chickens truly don’t have much preference when it comes to their shelter.

If they have room to move, a place to roost, and a nesting area for hens, they tend to be happy. For this reason, a person can spend as little or as much as they want on providing this shelter.

The amount of money spent on the chicken coop is normally more dependent on the owner’s preference and style.

Petmate Wooden Chicken Coop
The Petmate Walk-in Coop from Tractor Supply

If you purchase a brand-new chicken coop, this will likely be your biggest expense. Consider these two options. The first is a walk-in chicken coop that can house four to eight chickens. The price for this chicken coop is about $600 from the popular farm and feed store Tractor Supply.

A second option from a specialty company has a few extra features, such as a built-in waterer and feeder. It is also made from solid cedar. This design can also hold up to eight chickens. The retail price is a few thousand dollars higher at $4,000. Although you can find it lower depending on current promotions or sales.

The Standup chicken coop
The Standup Chicken Coop available from Roost & Root

As you can see, you can spend hundreds or even thousands of dollars for a fancy coop that is brand new. The difference in price is the type and quality of wood, materials, and additional features in the design.

Keep in mind this is not necessary, and the average person will spend around $500 on a coop for four birds. But when sizing your chicken coop, the general consensus is to go bigger than you think you will need. Somehow we always end up buying more chickens.

Since this can be a major cost for many families, you can also go the DIY route and build your own. You can even use mostly recycled materials and keep the costs way down.

If you decide to build from a set of chicken coop design plans, you will have a wide range of materials to choose from based on your budget.

Feed and Other Materials Needed

feeding chicken pellets

Chickens must be fed regularly. Plan on a minimum budget of about $15 per month per chicken for feed. Free-range chickens may need slightly less, and organic and or medicated feed will cost more. There are many brands to choose from.

When actively laying eggs, a hen needs more food, and chickens eat less when the temperatures start to rise. Be sure to take these factors into account when budgeting for food.

There are a few easy ways to keep the cost of feeding your chickens down. You can supplement their regular diet by feeding them table scraps. This saves the initial outlay of cash and is also a good way to way to make use of vegetable discards if you don’t have a compost pile.

General Care and Chicken Keeping Supplies

Miscellaneous supplies will be required to take care of your flock. Here are a few common expenses you can expect.

  • Bedding materials such as wood shavings, straw bales, or shredded newspapers will need to be replaced on a regular basis in the hen house. Budget $10 a month for the bedding.
  • Chickens need to see the vet at times and may require medication. This adds to the cost of raising them. An average vet visit will run you about $75.
  • Cost of repairs to the coop and or chicken fencing can be expected, especially if you have predators such as raccoons or fox nearby.
  • Pest control and removal can add to the chicken owner’s expense. Snakes and mice are commonly found in the hen house and should be taken care of quickly.
  • Daily supplies such as egg cartons, tools, and cleaning supplies should all be factored into the overall budget.

Food Rewards

As you consider if raising chickens is a viable option, look at the cost of eggs in the grocery store as well as how much you pay to purchase chicken for lunch or dinner. While prices vary by area, we’ll use some averages to compute the overall price point. Eggs cost about $3 a dozen; $4 for organic or free-range.

Cost of Raising 4 Chickens for 1 Year

OK, now it’s time to sum it all up. We will base our estimate on one year using some ballpark figures. We’ll assume our family built their own chicken coop from one of the design plans on our site. They used all new materials from the hardware store.

  1. 4 Chickens @ $20 each: $80
  2. Chicken Coop Buildout: $200
  3. Cost of Chicken Feed: $60
  4. Vet Bills: $100
  5. Miscellaneous Supplies: $50

Total Cost: $490 (Year 1)

In Year 2, you won’t have the initial investment cost, so your costs become much more affordable.

  1. Cost of Chicken Feed: $60
  2. Vet Bills: $100
  3. Miscellaneous Supplies: $50

Total Cost: $210 (Year 2)

The Verdict: Will You Save Money?

Now – Let’s estimate the savings from producing your own farm-fresh eggs.

We’ll assume a family of 4 that eats eggs 3x a week. This makes the math nice and easy.  That’s one dozen eggs a week and just about what four chickens will produce. 

Total Savings: $4 x 36 weeks = $144 saved in grocery store egg costs. We estimated 36 weeks of egg production based on the purchase of 4-week old chickens that are ready to produce at 20 weeks.

In year one, a flock of four hens will actually cost you money. Based on our example, you would have spent an extra $346.

In year two, however, you won’t have the extra cost of building the hen house or the wait time for your chickens to mature. The year two savings will be the full 52 weeks @ $4 each, which is 208. This means by the second year, you will break even.

Year 2 Cost: $210 with a savings of $208, so by the second year, you will break even.

However, what people also need to consider is the quality of the food when they purchase chicken or eggs in a grocery store. Can one truly know if the food contains chemicals or hormones?

These are only two concerns that many people have when it comes to their groceries. Some people choose to buy organic products to avoid these issues. However, this increases the cost even more. As a result, many people will find raising chickens for eggs and meat is a smart move.

two baby chicks

What many people fail to consider when determining whether raising chickens is worth the expense is the entertainment they provide. Many families opt to purchase breeds that love to be petted and held, making them a great outdoor pet for kids.

Furthermore, they don’t make messes in the house, and they can be very entertaining to watch as they run around the backyard. Some of my favorite memories on the farm included feeding the chickens. It’s one of those simple pleasures of having your flock greet you so happily when you bring them fresh treats.

Children learn how to care for animals and discover a great deal about life in the process. They get firsthand knowledge of what it takes to keep the animals safe, comfortable, and happy. There is no price that can be put on this.


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